42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I by Marc Romanych, Martin Rupp

By Marc Romanych, Martin Rupp

Titanic Bertha, Germany's international warfare I most sensible mystery cellular artillery piece, simply destroyed French and Belgian forts, aiding set the level for trench warfare.

In the 1st days of global struggle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon - the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it was once the most important artillery piece of its sort on the earth and a heavily guarded mystery. while battle broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they fast destroyed forts and forced the castle to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or monstrous Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that outfitted the howitzers. The nickname used to be quickly picked up through German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of massive Bertha was once born. To the Allies, the lifestyles of the howitzers got here as a whole shock and the unexpected fall of the Belgian fortresses spawned rumors and incorrect information, including to the 42cm howitzer's mythology.

In fact, 'Big Bertha" was once however the final in a sequence of large-caliber siege weapons designed by way of the German military for the aim of destroying concrete fortifications. It used to be additionally just one of 2 different types of 42cm calibre howitzers outfitted for the military via Krupp and just a small a part of the siege artillery on hand to the German military on the outset of the battle. Such have been the successes of the German siege weapons that either the French and British Armies determined to box their very own heavy siege weapons and, after the German weapons handily destroyed Russian forts in the course of the German offensives within the east in 1915, the French military deserted their forts. even though, via 1916, because the battle settled right into a stalemate, the effectiveness of the siege weapons reduced until eventually, through war's finish, 'Big Bertha' and the opposite siege weapons have been themselves outmoded.

This publication info the layout and improvement of German siege weapons sooner than and through international battle I, to incorporate 4 versions of 30.5cm mortars, models of 28cm howitzers, and varieties of 42cm howitzers (including 'Big Bertha'); in overall, 8 sorts of siege weapons. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, by no means earlier than released, images of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege weapons. color illustrations depict crucial features of the German siege artillery.

Show description

Read or Download 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I (New Vanguard, Volume 205) PDF

Best military books

The Great War: The British Campaign in France and Flanders, Volume 3

If ever a author wanted an advent Arthur Conan Doyle wouldn't be thought of that guy. in spite of everything, Sherlock Holmes might be the main literary detective of any age. upload to this canon his tales of technological know-how fiction and horror, his ancient novels, his political campaigning, his efforts in developing a court docket Of charm, his poetical works and there's little room for anything.

Victory in the Falklands

The Hundred Days that observed the British reaction to common Galtiere of Argentina's invasion of the Falklands are for plenty of British humans the main amazing in their lives.

It describes the darkish days of early April, the feverish reaction and forming of the duty strength, the anxieties and uncertainties, the naval and air battles that preceded the landings by means of three Commando Brigade and fifth Infantry Brigade. the intense battles resembling Goose eco-friendly, Mount Tumbledown, instant Ridge and so forth are narrated totally yet succinctly.

This is a truly balanced evaluate of a never-to-be-repeated yet effective bankruptcy in British army history.

Dresden and the Heavy Bombers: An RAF Navigator's Perspective

This is often the tale of a tender man's access into the conflict in 1941 and culminates in his flying at the bombing raid to Dresden in February 1945. this isn't a gung-ho account of flying with Bomber Command yet nor is it a breast-beating avowal of guilt. those memoirs take the shape of a simple narrative of the author's RAF occupation and pay specific recognition to worry, morale and, because the writer explains, the parable of management.

Himalayan Blunder: The Curtain-Raiser to the Sino-Indian War of 1962

Himalayan Blunder: The indignant fact approximately India's so much Crushing army catastrophe is an account of the 1962 Sino-Indian battle in the course of the narrative of Brigadier J. P. Dalvi, who fought within the warfare. Himalayan Blunder: The indignant fact approximately India's such a lot Crushing army catastrophe is Brigadier J. P. Dalvi's retelling of the Sino-Indian conflict that happened in 1962 - a battle that India misplaced.

Extra resources for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I (New Vanguard, Volume 205)

Sample text

The loss of the fortifications panicked the Russian garrison and the entire fortress was captured on August 18. Meanwhile, in central Poland, the biggest siege of the Eastern Campaign took place at Novogeorgievsk, the Russian Army’s largest and most important fortress. The fortifications consisted of an outer ring of 29 armored concrete forts surrounding an inner ring of older forts with a large citadel in the center. The fortress was garrisoned by four divisions and was expected to hold out for several months as the rest of the Russian Army withdrew from Poland.

About half of the siege artillery was employed on the Eastern Front. The siege guns’ first action was to support the German Eighth Army’s attempt to take Osowiec in February. Located in northeastern Poland, the fortress consisted of a group of four large masonry forts sited on high ground surrounded by marshland. The attacking force was the reinforced 11th Landwehr Division. 5cm mortars. R. R. howitzer), and KMK Battery 1 (two 42cm Gammas) joined in. Even with six siege guns shelling the fortifications, the bombardment was unsuccessful due to the siege batteries lacking observation and having to fire blindly at their targets, and also because of the effective Russian counter-battery fire which hit both Skoda batteries.

The capture of these three forts broke the fortress ring and German infantry occupied the city. The remaining six forts quickly fell on the 24th and 25th. One of the forts – Andoy – surrendered after Skoda mortars pounded it with 450 rounds and smashed all but one artillery turret. 5cm Beta-Gerät mortar being loaded by its crew. 5cm projectiles were not particularly effective against the concrete of the forts at Antwerp, although direct hits from Beta mortar projectiles did destroy two armored cupolas.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.11 of 5 – based on 33 votes