By Peter Crawford
Battle of the 3 Gods is an army heritage of the 1st half 7th century, with heavy concentrate on the reign of the jap Roman Emperor Heraclius (AD 610-641). This was once a pivotal time in international background in addition to a dramatic one. The jap Roman Empire was once dropped at the very verge of collapse of extinction by means of the Sassanid Persians, sooner than Heraclius controlled to inflict a crushing defeat at the Sassanids with a determined, ultimate gambit. His conquests have been short-lived, although, for the newly switched over adherents of Islam burst upon the quarter, administering the coup de grace to Sassanid strength and laying siege to Constantinople itself to bring in a brand new era.
Peter Crawford skillfully narrates the three-way fight among the Christian Byzantine, Sassanid Persian and Islamic empires, a interval peopled with interesting characters, together with Heraclius, Khusro II and the Prophet Muhammad himself. a number of the epic battles and sieges are defined in as a lot element as attainable together with Nineveh, Yarmouk, Qadisiyyah and Nihawand, Jerusalem and Constantinople. The thoughts and strategies of those very assorted armies are mentioned and analyzed, whereas maps permit the reader to put the occasions and persist with the various fortunes of the contending empires. this can be an exhilarating and critical examine of a clash that reshaped the map of the realm.
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Additional info for The War of the Three Gods: Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam
Bahram Chobin had survived the battle of Blarathon, fleeing to the Turks of Ferghana, who he had campaigned against for Hormizd IV. However, in a similar way to how Phocas had to deal with Mauricius even after he had been driven from power, Khusro found it necessary to deal with the renegade spahbed. The re-enthroned King of Kings achieved this either by an assassin’s blade or by exerting pressure to have the Turks deal with his rival. Khusro also faced some kind of revolt from his uncle Wistahm, who in the last years of the sixth century was minting coins in his own name in Media.
This new emperor, eager to placate the army and remove a lingering if powerless threat, had Mauricius dragged from the sanctuary, forced him to watch the execution of his sons and then had him executed. Not only was this the first successful coup d’e´tat to occur in Constantinople, it was the catalyst for a series of wars that were to consume the Eastern Mediterranean for the next generation as Khusro II would use the murder of his benefactor as the reason for renewing hostilities between Rome and Persia.
The complementing of heavy and light cavalry with bows had long been a critical component of Iranian battlefield tactics. The firepower afforded by the reflex composite bow allowed the mounted archers to cause the enemy a constant drip of casualties or coerced them to break their defensive formation in a vain attempt to engage, providing the heavy cavalry with an opening for a decisive charge. 53 While mounted forces were the main offensive arm of the Sassanid army, the vast majority of it was made up of infantry.