Bridging the gap between Aristotle's science and ethics by Devin Henry, Karen Margrethe Nielsen

By Devin Henry, Karen Margrethe Nielsen

This e-book consolidates rising study on Aristotle's technological know-how and ethics in an effort to discover the level to which the recommendations, tools, and practices he constructed for medical inquiry and rationalization are used to enquire ethical phenomena. each one bankruptcy exhibits, another way, that Aristotle's ethics is far extra like a technology than it's normally represented. The upshot of this can be twofold. First, uncovering the hyperlinks among Aristotle's technology and ethics gives you to open up new and leading edge instructions for examine into his ethical philosophy. moment, exhibiting why Aristotle thinks ethics can by no means be totally assimilated to the version of technological know-how may also help shed new gentle on his perspectives concerning the limits of technological know-how. the amount therefore can provide to make an important contribution to our realizing of the epistemological, metaphysical, and mental foundations of Aristotle's ethics

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Aristotle here warns that if the term denoting the definiendum of our definition is used homonymously, we won’t arrive at a single account of the signification of ‘magnanimity’ when we examine the features that magnanimous men are said to have qua magnanimous men: If we were seeking what magnanimity is, we should enquire, in the case of some magnanimous men we know, what one feature they have in common as such. g. if Alcibiades and Achilles and Ajax are magnanimous, what one feature do they all have in common?

3. 1140a33–1140b4). But though prudence is not the same as science, since its end is acting well itself, it nevertheless presupposes a science, namely the science of politics. The judge therefore rectifies the deficiency in the unqualified rule through his judgments. Aristotle adds: ‘This is also the reason why not everything is guided by law. For on some matters legislation is impossible, and so a decree is needed.

But in distinguishing prudence from scientific knowledge, Aristotle is not denying that knowledge of universals is necessary for prudence, for we need to know what kind of life we should aim at to secure 8 9 ‘Next in order after the foregoing, we must say for how many and what purposes the treatise [Topics] is useful. They are three – intellectual training, causal encounters, and the philosophical sciences . . For the study of the philosophical sciences it is useful, because the ability to puzzle on both sides of a subject will make us detect more easily the truth and error about the several points that arise.

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