By American Petroleum Institute
Read or Download API STD 521 Guide for Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems Petroleum petrochemical and natural gas industries—Pressurerelieving and depressuring systems PDF
Best petroleum books
So much geoscientists are conscious of contemporary IT advancements, yet can't spend time on imprecise technicalities. Few have thought of their implications for the technology as an entire. but the data is relocating speedy: digital supply of hyperlinked multimedia; criteria to help interdisciplinary and geographic integration; new types to symbolize and visualize our strategies, and regulate and deal with our actions; plummeting charges that strength the speed.
Refineries must never simply adapt to evolving environmental rules for purifier product necessities and processing, but in addition locate how you can meet the expanding call for for petroleum products,particularly for liquid fuels and petrochemical feedstocks. The Chemistry and know-how of Petroleum, Fourth variation deals a twenty first century standpoint at the improvement of petroleum refining applied sciences.
Presents a whole therapy on of the most popular issues within the strength zone – acid gasoline injection and carbon dioxide sequestrationThis publication presents the main complete and up to date assurance of 2 recommendations which are quickly expanding in significance and utilization within the traditional fuel and petroleum — acid fuel injection and carbon dioxide sequestration.
This new version of the traditional instruction manual of Petroleum and typical gasoline Engineering will give you the simplest, state of the art insurance for each point of petroleum and ordinary gasoline engineering. With hundreds of thousands of illustrations and 1,600 information-packed pages, this article is a convenient and helpful reference.
- Natural Gas Hydrates, Third Edition: A Guide for Engineers
- Pressure Vessel and Stacks Field Repair Manual
- Piping Engineering Leadership for Process Plant Projects
- Radiation Thermometry: Fundamentals and Applications in the Petrochemical Industry (SPIE Tutorial Text Vol. TT78) (SPIE Tutorial Texts)
- Drilling Engineering Handbook, 1st Edition
- Ancient Sedimentary Environments: And Their Sub-surface Diagnosis
Additional resources for API STD 521 Guide for Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems Petroleum petrochemical and natural gas industries—Pressurerelieving and depressuring systems
Hence, as a minimum, the wetted surface area of the entire bottom hemisphere shall be used even when the sphere “equator” exceeds 7,6 m (25 ft) in height. The criterion is supported by previous incidents and tests that have shown that pool fire flames can follow the underside profile of spheres resulting in the entire bottom hemisphere being exposed to a high fire-heat load. --``````,`,,,`,`,,,,,,```,`` Copyright American Petroleum Institute Provided by IHS under license with API No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Licensee=US mvd from 2458000/5940240030 Not for Resale, 06/17/2009 13:11:36 MDT Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems 37 Table 5 — Effects of fire on the wetted surfaces of a vessel Portion of liquid inventory Remarks Liquid-full, such as treaters All up to the height of 7,6 m (25 ft).
Usually, when the liquid is let down from the high-pressure vessel into the low-pressure system, only the flashing effect is of concern in the event that the low-pressure system has a closed outlet. However, the designer should also consider that vapours flow into the low-pressure system if loss of liquid level occurs in the vessel at higher pressure. In this case, if the volume of the source of incoming vapours is large compared with the volume of the low-pressure system or if the source of vapour is unlimited, serious overpressure can rapidly develop.
If the above criteria cannot be met for a piping system, then the following factors should be evaluated for the fluid and the piping system, when determining if a thermal-relief valve is warranted to protect the system: a) length and size of the piping system: The quantity of fluid that can be released is dependent on the length and size of the piping system. b) hazardous and flammable nature of the fluid: For a hazardous or highly flammable fluid, even a small amount of leakage might not be allowable.