Xenophon the Socratic Prince: The Argument of the Anabasis by E. Buzzetti

By E. Buzzetti

An interpretation of Xenophon's Anabasis of Cyrus, paralleling the textual content to Machiavelli's The Prince, and concentrating on the query: How did the Socratic schooling support Xenophon reconcile morality with effectiveness, the noble with the nice, as a ruler?

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3). Yet the second and central crime—the Greeks had been cheated out of their wages—had been perpetrated by another man. 36 Xenophon thus slanders the governor of Byzantium—admittedly, a thuggish man—at the center of his speech. He does so to help overcome the soldiers’ resistance. A fourth example occurs earlier in the Anabasis, where Xenophon tries to persuade the captains of Proxenos to fight an all-out war against the Persians and abandon any thought of negotiating with the faithless King. They must expect the worst, Xenophon warns, if they ever come into the King’s power.

A of the Paris family. The lacunae are less frequent in the first four books of MS. C since it was corrected with a (lost) MS. that must have been excellent. Indeed, the primacy of MS. C is less pronounced in the last three books of the Anabasis because it was either not corrected, or corrected with inferior MSS. (see Masqueray pp. 30–31). 62 POLI T IC A L LI F E , SO C R AT IC E DUC AT ION 27 the Greeks] let f ly their arrows and no one missed his man—even if one were very eager, it would not have been easy to miss—Tissaphernē s very quickly retreated out of range and the other units retreated as well.

77 For a powerful linguistic argument in support of the authenticity of the summaries, see Høeg (1950) pp. 162–64. In particular, Høeg states: “En effet, prétendre que les résumé s sont dus à Xénophon, c’est prétendre que la division en livres est xénophontéenne, ou 30 X E NOPHON T H E SO C R AT IC PR I NC E movement, the Anabasis has been studied in several monographs more recently. With one partial exception, however, these recent books do not treat the Anabasis as a work of political philosophy, let alone as a study in Socratic rule and an introduction to philosophy.

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