By Ron Oligney, Michael Economides
The function of penning this e-book is to set up a unified layout technique for hydraulic fracture remedies, an extended demonstrated good stimulation task within the petroleum and comparable industries. Few actions within the carry such capability to enhance good functionality either profitably and reliably.
The be aware «unified» has been chosen intentionally to indicate either the combination of the entire hugely various technological features of the method, but in addition to dispel the preferred proposal that there's one form of therapy that applies to low-permeability and one other to high-permeability reservoirs. it's average, even for knowledgeable practitioners to imagine so simply because conventional pursuits were low-permeability reservoirs whereas the fracturing of high-permeability formations has sprung from the gravel pack, sand regulate perform.
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Extra info for Unified Fracture Design Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice
PERTAMINA: THE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY 23 resulted in the transfer ofN. M to a newly-created limited liability company, PERMINDO, with Shell retaining 50 per cent ownership as well as providing the technical assistance. However under the new mining law PERM INDO was dissolved, and its place was taken by Pertambangan Minyak Indonesia (PERTAMIN), a state enterprise. M as well as the rehabilitation of several wells in Jambi. But these efforts were on a modest scale as the company funds were limited and it did not seek foreign capital for its exploration and development programmes.
The model for eastern Indonesia is more complicated. Gribi (1973) considers the Moluccas as the meeting zone of four crustal plates: the Pacific plate on the north-east moving south-west; the Indian Ocean plate on the south-west pushing north-east; the Australian shield providing a relatively stable eastern buttress; and the Sunda Shelf marking the western limit of the area. The collision of these plates has resulted in a gigantic anti-clockwise sworl (see also Katili, 1975; Hamilton, 1979). In so far as petroleum is concerned, the foreland basins appear to Fig.
It created a Government Council of Commissioners to determine PERTAMINA's general policy and approve its policies, budget, borrowings, establishment of joint ventures and subsidiaries and other transactions. The President retained his prerogative to appoint and discharge council members, as well as the final authority on all decisions. The management of PERTAM INA was vested in a Board of Directors, consisting of the President-Director (Dr Ibnu Sutowo) and five other directors, each the head of one of the five main divisions of the company--exploration and production; refining and petrochemicals; domestic marketing; shipping; and finance and administration.