Triple Repeat Diseases of the Nervous Systems by Pawel Parniewski, Pawel Staczek (auth.), Lubov T. Timchenko

By Pawel Parniewski, Pawel Staczek (auth.), Lubov T. Timchenko (eds.)

World of risky Mutations The e-book "Triplet Repeat ailments of the fearful method" overviews the lat­ est info on numerous issues linked to volatile mutations. This box of re­ seek is progressing tremendous speedy. The variety of polymorphic mutations and ailments because of those mutations is expanding virtually each month. there's a powerful curiosity to molecular bases of triplet repeat issues. this can be defined by way of growing to be necessity to increase molecular ways for therapy of those ailments. There­ fore, the authors of this e-book describe volatile mutations with the emphasis on molecular pathology. huge dialogue is gifted on how polymorphic expan­ sions reason mobile disorder. o the 1st bankruptcy of the publication specializes in the molecular pathological seasoned­ cesses that originate "unstable" mutations. The authors overview a number of avail­ capable types in which basic "stable" quarter of DNA develop into pathogenic and speak about attainable mechanisms inflicting DNA instability. o the opposite chapters of the e-book describe inherited illnesses linked to forms of risky mutations. in response to the positioning of mutation within the disorder gene, polymorphic expansions of the frightened method might be divided into significant teams. First team comprises issues with volatile expansions in the open analyzing body of the gene akin to Spinocer­ ebellar Ataxias as a result of polyglutamine expansions. the second one workforce in­ cludes ailments as a result of expansions positioned in the untranslated re­ gions of the gene.

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Figure 1B. The mouse myotonic dystrophy type I genomic region and replacement alleles. Shown are the mouse DMl region including the upstream DMWD gene, Dmpk and the downstream Six5 gene, the position of the cryptic CTG repeat and the nearby CpO island. , replaced the whole of Six5 with a neomycin cassette (53). domain, a C-tenninal coiled-coil domain and a membrane association domain. Analyses of biological function of DMPK domains showed that the kinase domain is required for phosphorylation of serines and threonines in substrate moiecules,32,33 the coiled-coil domain is necessary for DMPK 0ligomerization34 and the membrane association domain is involved in peripheral membrane association of the kinase.

Hum Mol Genet 2000; 9:2539-2544. 29. Manley K, Shirley TL, Flaherty L et at. MSm deficiency prevents in vivo somatic instability of the CAG repeat in Huntington disease transgenic mice. Nat Genet 1999; 23:471-473. 30. Whiting EJ, Waring m, Tamai K et at. Characterization of myotonic dystrophy kinase (DMK) protein in human and rodent muscle and central nervous tissue. Hum Mol Genet 1995; 4: 1063-1072. 31. Lam LT, Pham YC, Man N et at.

Solution structures of the individual single strands of the fragile X DNA triplets (GCC)nJ(GGC)n. Nucl Acids Res 1996; 24(4):784-92. 32. Bacolla A, Gellibolian R, Shimizu M et al. Flexible DNA: Genetically unstable CTGOCAG and CGGOCCG from human hereditary neuromuscular disease genes. I Bioi Chem 1997; 272: 16783-16792. 33. Gellibolian R, Bacolla R, WelIs RD. Triplet repeat instability and DNA topology: An expansion model based on statistical mechanics. I Bioi Chem 1997; 272:16793-16797. 34. Wang Y-H, Amirhaeri S, Kang S et al.

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