By Plato, Benjamin Jowett
In 427 B.C., the traditional Greek city-state of Athens used to be flourishing. nearly eighty years previous, the Athenians had shaped the 1st self-representative democracy in heritage, the Peloponnesian battle opposed to Sparta had in simple terms simply began, and Socrates used to be merely commencing to lay the basis of what may turn into Western philosophy. That yr Plato used to be born to a filthy rich relations: with an uncle who used to be shut neighbors with Socrates, Plato was once possible destined to turn into a thinker. through the top of his existence, Plato had certainly develop into the key thinker of his time, and maybe the main well-known thinker in Western heritage. None of Socrates’ works survived antiquity, so such a lot of what's identified approximately him got here from the writings of his fans, such a lot significantly Plato. what's recognized approximately Socrates is that he appeared to make a occupation out of philosophy, and Plato used to be rationale on following in his footsteps. but for all the impact of Socrates’ lifestyles on Plato, it was once Socrates’ demise round 399 B.C. that really formed him. Plato was once so embittered by way of Socrates’ trial in Athens that he thoroughly soured on Athenian democracy, and he started to go back and forth round the Mediterranean, learning subject matters like arithmetic, honing his method of philosophical considering, and carrying on with to refine his philosophical ideals. a couple of decade later, Plato back to Athens and based his recognized Platonic Academy round 387 B.C., which he oversaw for forty years till his loss of life. one in all Plato’s philosophical ideals was once that writing down teachings was once much less invaluable than passing them down orally, and a number of other of Plato’s writings are responses to prior writings of his, so Plato’s for my part held ideals are challenging to figure. notwithstanding, Plato informed numerous next philosophers, leader between them Aristotle, and his writings ultimately shaped the spine of Western philosophy.
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J. H. McD. ] -viii- THEAETETUS EUCLEIDES TERPSION 142 EUCLEIDES. Hello, Terpsion. Just in from the country, or a some time ago? TERPSION. A fair while ago. Actually, it was you I was looking for in the market-place, and I was surprised that I couldn't find you. EUCLEIDES. Well, you see, I wasn't in town. TERPSION. Where were you, then? 5 EUCLEIDES. I'd set out to go down to the harbour, but on my way I ran into Theaetetus, who was being taken to Athens from the army at Corinth. TERPSION. Alive or dead?
It's still deficient on the question of dreams and diseases, including madness, and all the cases in which one is said to mis-hear or mis-see or mis-perceive in some other way. Because you know, no doubt, that in all those cases the theory we've just been expounding is by common consent 5 thought to be refuted, on the ground that we certainly do get 158 false perceptions occurring then, and, so far from its being the case that the things which appear to anyone actually are, it's quite the contrary: of the things which appear, not one of them is.
And also that if something has intercourse with each of two different other things, it will generate not the same but different things? THEAETETUS. Certainly. b SOCRATES. Well now, let's talk about you and me and everything else, from now on, in terms of that same theory. Take Socrates healthy and, on the other hand, Socrates ill. Shall we say the one is like or unlike the other? THEAETETUS. You mean, is the one whole, Socrates ill, 5 like or unlike the other whole, Socrates healthy? SOCRATES. You've got it perfectly; that's exactly what I mean.