The Epigrams of Philodemos: Introduction, Text, and by David Sider

By David Sider

This variation collects all of the epigrams attributed to Epicurean thinker and poet Philodemos of Gadara (ca. 110-40 BC). In modifying those epigrams, Sider has reexamined numerous manuscripts of the Greek Anthology. Thirty-eight epigrams (three merely doubtfully Philodemean, and spurious) are revealed within the unique Greek and in English translation, with complete severe gear and remark. Sider additionally comprises the textual content of a lately edited papyrus containing fragments of many recognized and newly chanced on epigrams through Philodemos. as well as the standard matters interested by enhancing a Classical poet--i.e. the poet's lifestyles, his use of meter, the epigrammatic culture, and where of the epigrams within the Greek Anthology--Sider's advent considers the connection among Philodemos' philosophy and poetry. He explains how the epigrams healthy into the literary perspectives expressed in Philodemos' On Poems and the way they clashed with the Epicurean stance opposed to the writing of poetry.

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220. , Arist. Quint. 9-13. Hom. 36. 5. CEG 1 (ca. 475 poems) contains only two 10 vv. or longer; CEG 2 (ca. 600 poems) contains eight. Note the view of J. W. Day, "Rituals in stone: Early Greek grave epigrams and monuments," JHS 109 (1989) 16-28, that the poetry of epigrams was originally recited at the grave site. This dissolves somewhat the barrier set up above between epigraphic texts and elegies, but the general point remains valid. 8 Any poem comprising one or more elegaic couplets could thus be summed up as (neut.

24. Once only to quote a short passage (De Piet. p. 42 Gomperz = In cert. B fr. 20 col. i S. 10-11). Philodemos and the Epigram 31 also, I suspect, can be taken to span the qualitative limits within this range: Sappho, one of the greatest of lyric poets at one end; the ad-hoc ad-libitum epigram at the other. Philodemos' argument that ^oirion; encompasses Homeric epic (as he says in On Poems 5 col. 31-33) as well as the shorter poems of Sappho thus carries epigram along in its wake. Since he describes as a poem with a continuously woven theme and meaning—that is, a complete composition—he clearly 25 implies that even a two- or four-line epigram can qualify as and that all, or almost all, that he says about poetry in general applies to the epigram in particular.

30). 32. Cf. Asmis, "Good King" (above, n. 26) 15 on the intellectual pleasures to be derived from listening to poems recited at parties; A. Cameron, Callimachus and His Critics (Princeton 1995), ch. " Life 33 in any special way. 33 In my numeration they are: Erotica: By far the largest category, totaling 21 or 22 poems, most coming from AP 5:34 ]_2) 4-26, 36, plus 8 (Book 10), 4, 6,19 (Book 11), 11 and 24 (both from Book 12). Gow-Page, by omitting the last distich, convert 3 into a love poem; see the commentary.

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