Polarity and analogy; two types of argumentation in early by Lloyd, Geoffrey Ernest Richard

By Lloyd, Geoffrey Ernest Richard

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T h u s the right hand is used for eatin g (Granet, /, p . 364) and the right side is the appropriate side for w om en (while the left belongs to m en, G ranet, 1 , p . 368). 4 O n the anatom ical factors involved in right-handedness, see H ertz, p. 90, a n d the translators’ note. T h a t there is a functional asym m etry o f the brain— th e left cerebral hemisphere b eing more developed, in some respects, than, the right— is agreed. H ertz, however, suggested that as the exercise o f a n organ ' leads to the greater nourishm ent and consequent grow th o f that organ, w e m ight as w ell say tha t w e are left-brained because w e are right-handed, as say that w e are right-handed because w e are left-brained.

U nder these five divisions are grouped colours, metals, days o f the week, characters, professions and other objects, so that ‘ the whole framework comprises the world o f natural pheno­ mena, including man himself’. These are a few o f the dualist classifications o f phenomena which can be cited from contemporary societies. 4 1 G ifford, pp. 142 ff. 8 T his exam ple was already used b y D urkheim a n d M auss in their essay on prim itive forms o f classification, pp. , where {hey refer to F. H .

8 an d 9. 2 References w ill b e found in J H S , l x x x u (1962), p . 58. 2 T h e idea tha t w om en are in n ately inferior to m e n recure, o f course, in G reek philosophical texts: in the Tim aeus 9 0 e f. g. , 7 7 5 a 14 ff. 4 H esiod, O p . , esp. , cf. T h . , 1 1 5 ) . O n e m a y com pare Evans-Pritchard, 3 , p . 234 on the connection betw een th e fem ale principle and evil in N u e r belief, a n d H e rtz (p. 97) noted tha t accord in g to a M a o r i proverb ‘ a ll evils, misery a n d d e a t h ..

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