Offset-Dependent Reflectivity - Theory and Practice of AVO by John P. Castagna, Milo M. Backus

By John P. Castagna, Milo M. Backus

Spotting the necessity for schooling and additional learn in AVO, the editors have compiled an all-encompassing remedy of this flexible know-how. as well as delivering a basic advent to the topic and a evaluation of the present state-of-the-art, this precise quantity offers helpful reference fabrics and information plus unique contributions on the innovative of AVO technologies.
Also Available:
Reflection Coefficients & Azimuthal AVO research - ISBN 1560801077
Geophysical sign research - ISBN 1560801042

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Extra info for Offset-Dependent Reflectivity - Theory and Practice of AVO Analysis

Sample text

It is my aim that the methods presented in this chapter can be used directly in well designs and field operations with little modifications. Although, there is a great deal of maths required to explain some of the ideas presented here, the chapter gives the minimum amount of mathematical derivations to keep the book practical. 0 . . . F. ORMATION . . . . . . NTEGRITY . . . . . T. ESTS ............................................

Large scale gauges of various ratings to cover the expected pressure range of the proposed test should be mounted on a small bore manifold on the cement unit. (ii) The cement pumps should always be used in preference to the mud pumps when conducting an FIT. (b) Preparation 56 Well Engineering & Construction FIT Procedural Guidelines TOC Previous Next . . . . . ..... F O R M A T I O N I N T E G R I T Y TE S T S The casing is usually tested when the cement plug is bumped to a value dependent on the maximum surface pressure expected when a kick is taken during the drilling of the next hole section or the wellhead flowing pressure for a production casing, see Chapter 5.

11. A. (1973) "Offshore Fracture Gradient". Journal of Petroleum Technology. August 910-914. 0 EXERCISES ............................................................................. 1. Write down the equation for calculating the hydrostatic pressure of mud when a. mud density is in ppg. b. mud gradient in psi/ft 2. Define: normal pressure and abnormal pressure 3. Calculate the overburden gradient for a well having a bulk density of 15 ppg at 5000 ft TVD if: a. the well is a land well b. the well is an offshore well with a water depth of 1000 ft (actual penetration is 4000 ft) and RKB (rotary table) to MSL (mean sea level) is 60 ft.

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