By Philip Jenkins
Jesus Wars unearths how legit, orthodox instructing approximately Jesus was once the made of political maneuvers by way of a handful of key characters within the 5th century. Jenkins argues that have been it now not for those controversies, the papacy as we all know it is going to by no means have come into life and that today's church might be instructing some-thing very varied approximately Jesus. it's only an coincidence of historical past that one workforce of Roman emperors and militia-wielding bishops defeated one other faction.
Christianity claims that Jesus used to be, by some means, either human and divine. however the Bible is something yet transparent approximately Jesus's real id. actually, a variety of evaluations and ideology approximately Jesus circulated within the church for 400 years till allied factions of Roman royalty and church leaders burned towns and killed millions of individuals in an unparalleled attempt to stamp out heresy.
Jenkins recounts the interesting, violent tale of the church's fifth-century battles over "right belief" that had a miles better impression at the way forward for Christianity and the area than the much-touted Council of Nicea convened via Constantine a century prior to.
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Extra info for Jesus Wars: How Four Patriarchs, Three Queens, and Two Emperors Decided What Christians Would Believe for the Next 1,500 years
Dilemmas of interchurch conflict and cooperation go back literally to the foundation of the faith. But post-Chalcedonian splits were on an unprecedented scale. Sustained resistance to official doctrine spawned two vast and enduring movements that the winning party would call heretical, respectively the Nestorians and Monophysites, and each has left remnants up to the present day. 21 Within a century or so after Chalcedon, the Christian world fragmented into several great transcontinental divisions—Orthodox/Catholic, Monophysite, Nestorian, and Arian.
For a modern audience, used to centuries of religious diversity and toleration, the stress on maintaining conformity seems unnecessary. Today it seems obvious that when different sides are thoroughly estranged, they should agree on an amicable separation. They should form their own denominations, agreeing to differ peaceably, and live in mutual respect. Yet that option was just not available in the early church, and not simply because Christians then were in any sense morally inferior to their descendants.
Their political resurrection culminated in the Council of Chalcedon in 451, which accepted the Tome as the definitive guide to Christology. 8 Some decades after the council, a writer in the Latin West summarized Chalcedon’s conclusions in a series of theological propositions, with an unnerving conclusion. ) TABLE 1 THE ATHANASIAN CREED Furthermore, it is necessary to everlasting salvation that he also believe rightly the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ. For the right faith is that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and man.