By A. J. Dikkers
A realistic ebook for geologists concerned with petroleum creation, here's a complete evaluation of simple concepts in construction geology, the hyperlinks with comparable matters, and the functionality of geologists within the making plans and operation of all stages of oilfield improvement. the 1st half discusses the elemental ideas utilized in the research and photograph illustration of the stratigraphy, tectonic constitution, reservoir sedimentology and hydrocarbon distribution of an oilfield. the second one half describes how this data is utilized within the quite a few levels of box improvement. The mutual help among creation geology and neighbouring disciplines resembling seismology, log interpretation, reservoir engineering is under pressure. through the publication, the textual content is secondary to the illustrations; those are examples, regularly hypothetical, of stipulations and strategies mentioned, designed for you to convey out as essentially as attainable the significance of the issues made. it's hence a fantastic publication for graduate scholars, focusing on petroleum geology and for members in post-graduate classes, in universities or inside of industry.
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Extra resources for Geology in Petroleum Production
The most easily available is the ‘well depth’ ( = drilled depth or along-hole depth), which can be read directly from the log. It is also the depth used by drillers and production staff and is therefore the least likely to lead to confusion in everyday oilfield work. This depth is measured during drilling and logging from a reference mark at the surface. ; another frequently used reference is the kelly bushing. 3-4 However, for geological mapping work the depths below a common horizontal datum plane have to be used.
The main body of recorded information consists of the depths at which markers were encountered in the wells under study. A choice must be made on the type of depth figure to be recorded. The most easily available is the ‘well depth’ ( = drilled depth or along-hole depth), which can be read directly from the log. It is also the depth used by drillers and production staff and is therefore the least likely to lead to confusion in everyday oilfield work. This depth is measured during drilling and logging from a reference mark at the surface.
Log therefore was frequently used as a correlation log, but it is rarely run at present because of inherent inaccuracies. It is important t o emphasize here again that it is rarely sufficient t o consider one log only for correlation. It is generally imperative to check the correlation obtained from comparison of one type of log, for instance the gamma ray, by also comparing other logs over the same intervals of the various wells; by doing this, possible errors can often be avoided. For convenience - and i t is hoped also for clarity - only a schematic gamma ray log is used in the sketches accompanying this chapter.