Desertion And the American Soldier: 1776-2006 by Robert Fantina

By Robert Fantina

Sound Bite:Military desertion, its purposes and outcomes, usually are not normally recognized in the United States. more often than not, the explanations squaddies wilderness are inherent within the army procedure itself. the writer investigates these purposes, from the yankee Revolution to the Iraqi career, and describes the government's often-brutal reaction to deserters. Desertion and the yank Soldier: 1776 2006 is a background and research of army desertion from the innovative conflict to the Iraqi career. the most subject matters include the subsequent: The political, financial and social stipulations of every period of time; The government's persisted insistence on linking desertion with cowardice, regardless of large proof on the contrary, and The motivations for desertions. regardless of the USA government's endured insistence on linking desertion with cowardice, the motivations for desertion are many and intricate, and are both rooted in or inspired by way of army coverage. This ebook describes the professional regulations on desertion that have been in strength in the course of each one clash and the way they have been in most cases applied; difficulties within the army justice method; and the motivations for desertions. accomplished facts and interviews with deserters are incorporated. Deserters from the united states army have usually been known as cowards and traitors. this can be a major deception and person who has been authorised for generations. If cowardice and betrayal usually are not, in reality, the motivating components for almost all of these who illegally leave from the united states army, the query needs to be requested: Why do they wasteland? Are the problems that brought on squaddies to escape to Canada in 2006 similar to those who prompted Union squaddies to go away campaigns in Richmond, Virginia and go back to their houses within the north? If now not, how have the motivations developed? What, precisely, motives a soldier, occasionally with a background of conflict campaigns, to claim enough'? many of the reasons of desertion are inherent within the army approach itself, and this can be conscientiously specific inside of this booklet. by using the government's personal experiences and facts all through background, besides details from different assets, the issues of the army approach that reason desertion are particular. in addition to the explanations for desertion, the government's altering reaction to it truly is mentioned. quite a few kinds of what can merely be labeled as torture have frequently been carried out, with both tacit or open approval through the USA govt. the writer means that the government's reaction to desertion is just a political device not to in basic terms retain infantrymen within the ranks, hence assisting to additional the country's objectives (whether honorable or not), but in addition to maintain the common citizen in the back of these targets. whereas the strategies of so doing have complicated in the course of the final centuries, the needs have replaced little.

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66. Skeen, C. Edward. 1999. Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812, p. 17. 67. Hickey, p. 77. 68. Skeen, p. 114. 69. , ed. 1993. 1814 Court Martial of Tennessee Militiamen, p. 4. 31 Desertion and the American Soldier: 1776 - 2006 Many men enlisted in the militia believing it to be a three-month commitment; the government, however, believed it to be six months based on the authorization referenced above. In a lengthy report on court martials of Tennessee militiamen in 1814 is reported the following: That these offences, first, consisted in “exciting and causing mutiny”; secondly, in the commission of an actual mutiny, accompanied by circumstances of aggravated robbery and spoliation of the public stores; and, thirdly, in the crime of desertion.

87 ILLNESS Disease was rampant and the bad food did not help. ”88 Fevers raged out of control, with no 84. Skeen, p. 129. 85. Skeen, p. 101. 86. Edmondson, pp. 114 — 115. Original spelling, grammar and punctuation maintained. 87. Hickey, pp. 78-79. 36 Chapter 2: The War of 1812 known remedy. The cases of soldiers who were ill were greatly compounded by the medical practices of the day. The known drugs at this time in history generally provided no benefit, and often caused death. Citizens of frontier America generally received medical treatment at home.

113. Foos, p. 18. 114. Foos, p. 90. 115. Cramer, Marc. 1996. “The Fighting Irish of Mexico,” America, Vol. 48, p. 1. 47 Desertion and the American Soldier: 1776 - 2006 Some soldiers were sent to remote outposts where their tasks consisted of hard labor: building bridges, hewing wood, quarrying stone, etc. For many recruits this was not what they expected when they enlisted to “defend the country,” and these assignments were a rude awakening.

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