Aristotle's Ethics (Cliffs Notes) by Charles H Patterson, Robert J Milch

By Charles H Patterson, Robert J Milch

The unique CliffsNotes research courses provide professional statement on significant subject matters, plots, characters, literary units, and historic background.People haven't replaced considerably within the a long time in view that Aristotle first lectured on ethics on the Lyceum in Athens. The human kinds and difficulties coated in CliffsNotes on Aristotle’s Ethics are time-honored to all people. the foundations of behavior and reasons of advantage and goodness that he proposes may also help humans of all eras larger comprehend their position in society.This learn advisor lets you make your method via Aristotle’s recognized essays with self belief. You’ll locate transparent summaries and factors of every significant subject matter. different good points that assist you learn includeIntroduction to the lifetime of AristotleOverview of the details of Aristotle’s moral philosophySummaries and important commentaries of the full Nichomachean EthicsReview questionsClassic literature or glossy modern day treasure — you will are aware of it all with specialist details and perception from CliffsNotes learn publications.

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A critic of this view might say that men are already virtuous if they perform virtuous actions, just as a man is already literate if he reads and writes correctly and is already musical if able to play an instrument. However, this is a false analogy and not a valid objection, first, because there is a significant difference between acts that create virtue and acts that are caused by virtue, and, second, because excellence in the arts is determined only by the end product and not by the process by which that product is created, so that in judging a musician one is only concerned with the music he produces and not with his method of playing the instrument.

Needless to say, the virtue we must consider is human virtue, for we are seeking after the nature of human good and human happiness. By human virtue we mean an excellence of the soul, not the body, for happiness has been defined as an activity of the soul. Clearly then, it is necessary for a statesman to have some knowledge of the workings of the soul, or psychology. We will limit this inquiry to the extent required for the proper study of ethics. Page 23 Some of the doctrines on the soul stated in our earlier, less technical works on the subject, are adequate for our present purposes.

This is why Plato said that right education is a matter of making men feel pleasure and pain for the right reasons. 2. Virtue is concerned with actions and feelings or emotions and these may be accompanied by pleasure or pain. 3. Pain is used as an instrument of punishment, for nature works by means of opposites and pain can have a remedial effect in the case of vicious men. 4. Every characteristic of the soul shows its true nature in regard to those factors which can make it better or worse. Men become corrupted through pleasure and pain, either by pursuing or avoiding pleasure or pain of the wrong kind, or at the wrong time, or in the wrong way.

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