Philosophy of Plato - Cambridge Companion to Plato's by G. R. F. Ferrari

By G. R. F. Ferrari

This spouse presents a complete account of this remarkable paintings, which is still one of the most often learn works of Greek philosophy, certainly of Classical antiquity typically. The 16 essays, by way of authors who signify numerous educational disciplines, deliver a spectrum of interpretive methods to endure so as to reduction the knowledge of a wide-ranging viewers, from first-time readers of the Republic who require assistance, to more matured readers who desire to discover modern currents within the work's interpretation. the 3 preliminary chapters deal with points of the paintings as a complete. they're via essays that fit heavily the series during which subject matters are provided within the ten books of the Republic. because the Republic returns usually to a similar subject matters via diversified routes, so do the authors of this quantity, who give you the readers with divergent but complementary views through which to understand the Republic's relevant matters.

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14 Yet even though this literature presumes no specialized knowledge, it brought to public attention what hitherto would have been considered specialized knowledge. In a remarkable act of synthesis, which may have been fostered by the rudimentary conditions of publishing written texts, the new prose authors found ways to address specialists while simultaneously maintaining their overall appeal to the diverse Greek reading public. For example, Thucydides addresses the broad public in his speeches and other set pieces, and he fashions his yearby-year chronicle of events to be comprehensible to any reader.

On the forms of philosophical writing before Plato, see Kahn 2003. Cambridge Collections Online © Cambridge University Press, 2007 7:12 P1: SBT 0521839631c01 CUNY711/Ferrari 14 0 521 82136 3 April 17, 2007 harvey yunis the defense of injustice offered by Thrasymachus, the professional sophist, with the utmost seriousness, but he deprives the professional of any special authority. Socrates’ initial refutation of Thrasymachus fails to convince Glaucon and Adeimantus, but it establishes the occasion and the tone for Glaucon and Adeimantus to raise their own, nonprofessional questions about justice and to carry on the conversation in their own, nonprofessional way.

In Book 5 Socrates speaks of three “waves” (kumata) that he fears will overwhelm the interlocutors (457a–c, 472a, 473c–d): the common training of men and women, the holding of wives and children in common, and – the biggest “wave” – philosopher-kings. 35 But they are “waves” because they are so “deeply contrary to belief” (473e) that even interlocutors as sympathetic and astute as Glaucon and Adeimantus will probably find them ridiculous and impossible to accept. 39–30 Rios = Aristotle, On the good, testimonia, Ross); see Denyer, chapter 11 in this volume.

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