Republic - Cave by Plato

By Plato

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III 2–3), On Providence I–II. See Aleknien´e 2012: 71–91 (I would like to thank L. Soares Santoprete for bringing this article to my attention); some considerations on the matter had already been put forward by Charrue 1978, who noted that, in Plotinus’ view, Epicurus nonetheless falls within the Greek philosophical tradition – albeit as one of its poorest expressions – whereas the Gnostics stand in open contrast to it. For some other aspects of the treatise 47, see Longo 2001: 503–28. 22 angela longo and daniela patrizia taormina other philosophical schools.

5 (Enn. 8: References to Epicureanism and the problem of pleasure in Plotinus’), who criticises the prevalent identification of the three types of men outlined in ch. 1 with the Epicureans, Stoics/Aristotelians and Platonists respectively. Based on parallels with Gnostic sources (especially the Tripartite Tractate) and Patristic literature (especially Irenaeus’ Against the Heretics), the author provides an original reading of Plotinus’ text and its metaphor of the birds, according to which what is presented here is the Gnostic division into three types of men – material, psychic and pneumatic.

54 In the Enneads, then, previous philosophies are sedimented and continue to live. Plotinus both bears witness to them (albeit with few references to actual names and hence in a far from obvious manner) and provides an original interpretation of them, going as far as to redeploy – where possible and appropriate – the conceptual and lexical repertoire of other philosophers in order to fashion his own doctrines. § 9 The connection between the denial of providence and the incitement to pleasure Finally, it is worth noting an unusual feature of Plotinus’ way of discussing Epicurean theses in tr.

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