By Plato.; Howatson, M. C.; Sheffield, Frisbee Candida Cheyenne
Plato's Symposium, written within the early a part of the 4th century BC, is determined at a consuming get together (symposium) attended via many of the prime intellectuals of the day, together with Aristophanes, the comedian dramatist, Socrates, Plato's mentor, and Alcibiades, the intense yet (eventually) treacherous baby-kisser. each one visitor offers a speech in compliment of the advantages of wish and its position within the solid and satisfied human existence. on the center of the paintings stands Socrates' compliment of philosophical hope, and a controversy for the prevalence of the philosophical lifestyles because the most sensible path to happiness. This version offers an available and interesting new translation through M. C. Howatson, and a considerable advent, through Frisbee C. C. Sheffield, which courses the reader throughout the quite a few components of the discussion and displays on its principal arguments. A chronology and targeted notes at the contributors support to set this enduring paintings in context
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Extra resources for Plato, the Symposium
Even if one concedes this, however, one might agree that there are some desires that are sensitive to considerations of this kind but object that there are others that are entirely independent of such thoughts. g. the Republic) Plato explored aspects of human motivation that operate independently of any consideration about the value of its desired ends. In the Symposium, consideration is limited to desires for our own good and happiness. g. non-rational desires). But caution is required when interpreting Socrates’ claims in the Symposium.
One of these events was believed to have been committed by a group of rowdy symposiasts after an event much like Agathon’s symposium described here, and amongst those accused of involvement were Alcibiades and Phaedrus and very possibly Eryximachus. The inclusion of these figures at a dialogue set at a symposium, and the recollection of this occasion after these events had already occurred, invites the reader to consider these characters on the brink of their impending tragedy. The lives and loves they reveal in their speeches may well be Plato’s contribution to a post-war debate about such matters.
These are the context, if not the focus, of the entire account. As the other speeches amply demonstrated, it is on the basis of some conception of what is worth having or doing (however vague) that lovers advocate certain pursuits to their devotees. A praise of the beneficial effects of love involves showing the sorts of values that should inform such a relationship. This is part of the purpose of Socrates’ argument for the superiority of the philosophical life. 31 Alcibiades’ speech If Socrates is making some such point, then a contemporary readership, familiar with the historical Socrates, may well have the following question for Plato.