Philoponus: On Aristotle Physics 4.10-14 by John Philoponus

By John Philoponus

Philoponus' statement at the final a part of Aristotle's Physics ebook four doesn't provide significant choices to Aristotle's technology, as did his statement at the past components, bearing on position, vacuum and movement in a vacuum. Aristotle's topic this is time, and his therapy of it had resulted in controversy in past writers. Philoponus does provide novelties while he treats movement around a bend as in a single feel quicker than movement at the directly over an identical distance within the similar time, end result of the have to give some thought to the better attempt concerned. And he issues out that during an prior remark on booklet eight he had argued opposed to Aristotle for the opportunity of a final rapid of time.

This publication is within the prestigious sequence, the traditional Commentators on Aristotle, which interprets the works of the traditional commentators into English for the 1st time.

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He has shown this by saying: And similarly to the point the body in locomotion, by which we cognize the movement. e. 63 For the body in locomotion is cause of the occurrence of the movement from Athens to Thebes, whether it is a man or whatever; and the cause of the occurrence of the movement from the Ram to the Bull64 is perhaps the sun or some other star that is moved in this way. 65 Uncognizable in itself, it is cognized as belonging to that which is in motion. g. we cognize the completion of the heaven’s movement from the same to the same – its revolution – by nothing other than the heaven itself.

However, in the domain of coming to be and perishing, it is possible for the object undergoing movement to come to a halt in very actuality; for example, it is possible for the man walking from Athens to Thebes to halt in the middle and then finish the rest : in this way the object undergoing movement cut the movement from Athens to Thebes by halting. But in the domain of the heavenly bodies, the object in motion is cause solely of continuity for the movement; of division never in actuality but only in thought.

G. in numbers. Although we do not observe the prior and the posterior in the absence of movement (for in arithmetical calculation it is when we make a transition from this to this that we say that one is prior and one posterior; for unless we do make a transition from this to this , we are unaware of prior and posterior), still the prior and the posterior are different from movement. For the prior and posterior, in so far as both are movement do not differ at all, but they do differ in that the one is prior and the other is posterior.

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