By Larry W Lake; Kenneth E Arnold; Society of Petroleum Engineers (U.S.)
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Extra resources for Petroleum engineering handbook Volume III, Facilities and construction engineering
Foaming greatly reduces the capacity of oil/gas separators because a much longer retention time is required to adequately separate a given quantity of foaming crude oil. Foaming crude oil cannot be measured accurately with positive-displacement meters or with conventional volumetric metering vessels. These problems, combined with the potential loss of oil/gas because of improper separation, emphasize the need for special equipment and procedures in handling foaming crude oil. The main factors that assist in “breaking” foaming oil are settling, agitation (baffling), heat, chemicals, and centrifugal force.
5hd = Leff d . 42. 0337......................... 82.............................. 22) Step 2. Calculate Leff and Lss = Leff + d/12 for different values of d. Step 3. Calculate the vessel diameter and length for liquid retention time with Eq. 12. 7 = 2,857. Step 4. Calculate Leff and Lss = Leff + d/12 for different values of d. Step 5. Select vessel that satisfies both gas and liquid capacity. 12 shows that the liquid capacity is the dominant parameter. Hence, a 24-in. 6-ft vessel is sufficient, as it has a slenderness ratio within the typical 3 to 5 range.
270 × 5002 = 4,936............................... 3 in . 28) At this point, we know that the water-drop removal is the dominant sizing parameter in comparison to the gas capacity. Print Search Chapter 1 Home Chapter 3 Bookmarks Help III-56 Petroleum Engineering Handbook—Vol. III Step 3. Calculate liquid levels for retention time based on Eq. 13. 12 = 10 × 5,000 + 3,000 = 666,667...................... 13 shows liquid levels for different vessel diameters. Step 4. Calculate vessel height from Eq.