This handbook-type reference resource is produced biennially by means of the workers of Hydrocarbon Processing journal. It includes move diagrams and outlines of over one hundred sixty significant approach keep an eye on and knowledge platforms applied sciences from over 20 licensors. it's detailed in that it exhibits how those applied sciences are utilized to precise HPI strategies and crops. The guide has turn into the consumer reference while imposing those complex regulate and knowledge process tasks within the hydrocarbon processing (HPI). strategy keep an eye on and data structures initiatives remain essentially the most economical within the HPI. Payouts by way of elevated throughput and productiveness, more desirable upkeep and asset administration, strength rate reductions and higher administration choice making can frequently be measured in months. accelerated this yr to incorporate extra regulate articles and papers in addition to regulate and knowledge platforms prone' listing the guide is extra worthwhile then ever. under is an inventory of expertise participants up to now.
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Additional resources for Petrochemical Processes 2001
15 million. 60) Application: To produce cumene from benzene and any grade of propylene—including lower-quality refinery propylene-propane mixture—using the Mobil/Badger process and a new generation of zeolite catalysts from ExxonMobil. The utilities can be optimized for specific site conditions/economics and integrated with an associated phenol plant. Description: The process include: a fixed-bed alkylation reactor, a fixed-bed transalkylation reactor and a distillation section. Liquid propylene and benzene are premixed and fed to the alkylation reactor (1), where propylene is completely reacted.
Reduced chilling train refrigeration requirements in the dephlegmator, 2. simultaneous chilling/prefractionation in the dephlegmator, 3. reduced methane content in feed to demethanizer, 4. partial deethanizer bypassing, 5. dual feed ethylene fractionator (lower reflux ratio) and 6. reduced refrigeration demand (approx. 75%). Economics: Ethylene yields range from 57% (ethane, high conversion) to 28% (heavy hydrogenated gas oils). Corresponding specific energy consumptions range from 3,000 kcal/kg to 6,000 kcal/kg.
Yields: Greater than 98% on raw materials. 19 Steam, t 5 Water, cooling , m3 300 Electricity, kWh 30 Commercial plants: One 20,000-mtpa original capacity facility. Licensor: Kvaerner Process Technology, UK. Copyright © 2001 by Gulf Publishing Company. All rights reserved. PETROCHEMICAL PROCESSES 2001 Dehydrogenation Ethanol feed 1 Refining 2 3 Hydrogen 3 Selective hydrogenation Recycle ethanol Ethyl acetate product Ethyl acetate Application: To produce ethyl acetate from ethanol without acetic acid or other co-feeds.