By Robert Heidersbach
This publication is meant for engineers and similar pros within the oil and fuel construction industries. it really is meant to be used by way of group of workers with constrained backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and may supply them a common realizing of ways and why corrosion happens and the sensible ways to how the results of corrosion may be mitigated. it's also an asset to the entry-level corrosion keep watch over specialist who could have a theoretical heritage in metallurgy, chemistry, or a similar box, yet who must comprehend the sensible boundaries of large-scale business operations linked to oil and fuel production. While the could use through technicians and others with restricted formal technical education, it will likely be written on a degree meant to be used by means of engineers having had a few publicity to college-level chemistry and a few familiarity with fabrics and engineering layout.
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Extra resources for Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production (Wiley Series in Corrosion)
CO2 corrosion of steels: An attempt to range parameters and their effects. In Advances in CO2 Corrosion, ed. R. H. Hausler and H. G. P. Godard, 1–9. Houston, TX: NACE. 25 NORSOK Standard. M-506. CO2 corrosion rate calculation model. Lysaker, Norway: Standards Norway. 26 R. Nyborg. Overview of CO2 corrosion models for wells and pipelines. NACE 02233. 27 H. -Y. Cai, and W. P. Jepson. CO2 corrosion mechanistic modeling and prediction in horizontal slug flow. NACE 02238. 28 L. Smith and B. Craig. Practical corrosion control measures for elemental sulfur containing environments.
In Advances in CO2 Corrosion, ed. R. H. Hausler and H. G. P. Godard, 1–9. Houston, TX: NACE. 25 NORSOK Standard. M-506. CO2 corrosion rate calculation model. Lysaker, Norway: Standards Norway. 26 R. Nyborg. Overview of CO2 corrosion models for wells and pipelines. NACE 02233. 27 H. -Y. Cai, and W. P. Jepson. CO2 corrosion mechanistic modeling and prediction in horizontal slug flow. NACE 02238. 28 L. Smith and B. Craig. Practical corrosion control measures for elemental sulfur containing environments.
The key to this figure is: X = H2S partial pressure, kPa Y = in situ pH Appendix D of Part 2 has a detailed discussion of how in situ pH is determined, including a number of tables to aid in this determination. 05 psi]), no precautions are normally necessary, but factors that can affect steel performance should be considered: • • Steels susceptible to SCC and HSC may crack. Very high strength steels can suffer HSC without the presence of H2S. Yield strengths above 965 MPa (140 ksi) may need special processing to ensure that these steels do not suffer HSC or SCC in Region 0 environments.