By Tatyana Davletshina
This reference has been written for emergency reaction body of workers, plant protection experts, and emergency reaction coordinators. it's been ready at a realistic point to aid either in education security team of workers and to supply technical info which could help in responding to a danger fabric incident that may result in a hearth possibility state of affairs. substantial details and technical info are given on petroleum established items seeing that those are one of the most generally ate up items, although, the reader will locate abundant details on different chemical substances. fireplace events pose some of the most severe difficulties in an business atmosphere, with the aptitude lack of lives and estate, in addition to harm to the surroundings. right reaction by means of expert team of workers, in addition to cautious preplanning can reduce the danger and harm as a result of fireplace.
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Three of the steps in this theory are the same as the only three steps in the fire triangle theory. INPUT I I HEAT------~) IGNITION CONTINUITY MIXING FUEL 1 OXYGEN 1 t-(- - - - PROPORTIONING Figure 6. Illustrates the life cycle theory of fire. In the life cycle of fire theory, the first step is the input heat, which is defined as the amount of heat required to produce the evolution of vapors from the solid or liquid. The input heat will also be the ignition source and Properties and Flammability of Hydrocarbons 47 must be high enough to reach the ignition temperature of the fuel; it must be continuing and self-generating and must heat enough of the fuel to produce the vapors necessary to form an ignitable mixture with the air near the source of the fuel.
Illustrates the theory of the fire tetrahedron. The third theory of fire is the life cycle theory, which is illustrated in Figure 6. According to this theory, the combustion process can be categorized by six steps, rather than the three of the fire triangle or the four of the tetrahedron of fire theory. Three of the steps in this theory are the same as the only three steps in the fire triangle theory. INPUT I I HEAT------~) IGNITION CONTINUITY MIXING FUEL 1 OXYGEN 1 t-(- - - - PROPORTIONING Figure 6.
It is still present, though, and its uses include refrigerants, metal degreasing, and chlorination of organic compounds. Its molecular formula is CCI 4 • It is possible to form analogues of methyl chloride, (methyl fluoride, methyl bromide, methyl iodide), methylene chloride (substitute fluoride, bromide, and iodide in this name also), chloroform (fluoroform, bromoform, and iodoform), and carbon tetrachloride (tetrafluoride, tetrabromide, and tetraiodide). Each of these halogenated hydrocarbons has some commercial value.