Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English by Faye M. Getz

By Faye M. Getz

Originally composed in Latin by way of Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was once a first-rate textual content of the clinical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed frequently of medicinal recipes, it provided recommendation on analysis, medicinal guidance, and analysis. within the fifteenth-century it used to be translated into heart English to house a widening viewers for studying and scientific “secrets.”
    Faye Marie Getz presents a serious version of the center English textual content, with an intensive creation to the discovered, useful, and social parts of medieval medication and a precis of the textual content in sleek English. Getz additionally attracts on either the Latin and center English texts to create an in depth thesaurus of little-known center English pharmaceutical and clinical vocabulary.

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Additional info for Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus

Sample text

Their modern botanical names have been standardized by use of A. R. Clapham, T. G. Tutin, and E. F. Warburg, Flora of the British Isles 2d ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962); and L. H. Bailey, Manual of Cultivated Plants, rev. ed. 66 The listing by genus and species allows the plant lexicon of the Middle English Gilbertus to be compared with a Middle English text in which the identification of plants rests on much firmer ground: Gosta Brodin's edition ofAgnus Castus: A Middle English Herbal (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950).

167-167v). A gargarism is a gargle (f. 145), but this text departs from others written in English, because it is clear that sometimes a medicinal preparation held in the mouth "to gnaw on" (f. 136v), or "to chew in his mouth" (f. 139v), is also meant. A fumigation is treatment by smoke arising from substances burnt over hot coals (ff. 16Ov,308-308v). A stew or stuff is treatment by steam from a boiling pot containing medicine (ff. 108-108v, 122v), while baths could also be used for a number of ailments (f.

307-13. I have compared his list with mine in a section that appears after the Glossary, indicating with an asterisk on my list every plant that is found both in the Middle English Gilbertus and in Agnus Castus (some plants in Brodin's text are not entered in his list and were sought in his glossary). The correspondence is remarkably close, and if all plants that come from tropical climates are eliminated from the list in the Middle English Gilbertus, the correspondence is almost total. This correspondence points toward the existence of a fairly standardized English herbal pharmacopeia encompassing a remarkable variety of substances.

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