Form and Good in Plato's Eleatic Dialogues: The Parmenides, by Kenneth Dorter

By Kenneth Dorter

During this cutting edge research, Plato's 4 eleatic dialogues are taken care of as a continuing argument. In Kenneth Dorter's view, Plato reconsiders the speculation of varieties propounded in his prior dialogues and during an exam of the theory's obstacles reaffirms and proves it crucial. Contradicted are either these philosophers who argue that Plato espoused his thought of varieties uncritically and those that argue that Plato in a few feel rejected the idea and moved towards the specific research constructed byAristotle. Dorter's reexamination of Plato's insights implies an vital new path for contemporary philosophical inquiry.

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Extra info for Form and Good in Plato's Eleatic Dialogues: The Parmenides, Theatetus, Sophist, and Statesman

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The paradox was generated by obscuring the difference between these two aspects: reality appears ― 61 ― as both one and many, depending on whether one looks to its unified character or its diversity. Parmenides himself provides the foundation for resolving the paradox in this way. " The point of change between motion and rest must itself neither be the one nor the other, "and there is no time in which something can neither be in motion nor at rest at once" (156c). Parmenides introduces the concept of the instant ( [Full Size] [Full Size] ) as this limiting case of time in which change can be explained (156c-e), and goes on to suggest that the changes of the One between existence and nonexistence, and between being one and many, and so forth, are to be explained in the same way (156e-157b).

It must therefore partake of signifiers such as "that," "some," "this," and so on, and relations such as likeness and unlikeness, equality and inequality, and so forth, and we will be able to say what is true of it. "But if we say what is true, it is dear that what we speak of must exist" (161e). Not only does what-is-not thus participate in being, but what-is participates in not-being, insofar as its own nonbeing is not , and so being and ― 65 ― not-being participate in themselves and in each other (162a-b).

57 ― As for the exclusion of the One from the determination of existence in particular, it is important to notice how this conclusion is arrived at. The historical Parmenides had argued that "it" is not temporal: one cannot speak of it in the past tense or future tense, but only in terms of the timeless now (fr. 5). These claims were echoed in the course of the first hypothesis's argument, and it was then concluded that what does not exist in time cannot exist at all. Accordingly the argument shows only that the One cannot exist in the sense of having temporal existence.

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