Democritus and the Sources of Greek Anthropology by Thomas Cole

By Thomas Cole

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1011-18). S u c h differences a r e n o t as s i g n i f i c a n t as t h e y m i g h t a t first seem. I t w i l l be shown later t h a t the views o f Diodorus a n d Vitruvius o n the origin of society are n o t , perhaps, i n c o m p a t i b l e (below, p p . 6 5 - 6 6 ) . M o r e o v e r , t h o u g h t h e t h e o r y p u t f o r w a r d b y L u c r e t i u s is n o t p e c u l i a r t o h i s school (cf. t h e p a r a l l e l passage i n T z e t z e s c i t e d a b o v e ( p p . 2 1 - 2 2 ) , i t is closely c o n n e c t e d w i t h o t h e r features i n h i s p r e s e n t a t i o n w h i c h d o seem t o b e t y p i c a l l y , i f n o t exc l u s i v e l y , E p i c u r e a n .

2 : priscis . . temporibus cum . . summum . . certamen inter homines erat ne quid profuturum saeculis diu lateret, and Manilius 1 . 8 3 - 8 4 : quodcumque sagax temptando repperit usus / in commune bonum commentum . . dederunt—though the motivation they envision is still a basically disinterested one. 1 5 I n the closely related account of Leo (see below, pp. 3 8 - 3 9 ) Osiris bestows an ager on the dis- coverer of wool (FGrH 65gF9a). 35 A P A T T E R N OF P R E H I S T O R Y t r a n s f o r m i n g m a n ' s w a y o f life t h r o u g h f i r e a n d t h e novae res t h a t c o m e w i t h it.

Vocem immoderate profusam fingit et terminal). Illiteratae appears in the grammarians to describe interjections or animal cries (Priscian, Inst. 41; Boethius, Herm. pr. 2, p. 11 Meiser; Herm. sec. 2, p. 6 0 . 2 5 ) . Though attested only in late authors, the word could well have appeared at an earlier date in a passage translated directly from the Greek. I f this emendation is correct, Vitruvius' illiteratae voces profundebantur exactly parallels φωνής άσημου και συγκεχυμένης ούσης in Diodorus.

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