Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching: A Description by Jack C. Richards

By Jack C. Richards

This widely-used e-book provides a transparent description and research of the main ways and strategies utilized in moment and overseas language educating. tools and techniques coated contain: grammar translation, the direct approach, situational language instructing, the silent approach, overall actual reaction, the typical process and suggestopedia.

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T he Natura l Approach , Communicative Language Teaching). T hese developments will be considered in th e remai ning chapte rs of this book. organized to maximize teaching an d learning efficiency. Audiolingualism thus stresses the mechanistic aspects o f language learn ing and language use. There a re many similarities betwee n Si tuatio nal Language Teaching and Audiolingualism. T he order in which the language skills a re introdu ced, and the focus on accuracy through drill and practice in the basic structures and sentence patterns of the target language, might suggest that these methods drew from each other.

3. Certain key structures from the dialogue are selected and used as the basis for pattern drills of different kinds. These are first practiced in chorus and then individually. Some grammatical explanation may be offered at this point, but this is kept to an absolute minimum . 4. The students may refer to their textbook, and follow-up r e<1 din ~,. writin g, or vocabulary activities based on the dia logu e l11<1y be il1ll"odll .... l' d. : heg innin g leve l, writin g is purely imit<1riv c <1lld con s ists 1I1I1 l" "lo re th ~11l or copying out sentences that have been practiced.

1I1 :l illl nillS ilHl'I'l'SI. 67 Approaches & methods in language teaching 17. The teacher controls the learners and prevents them from doing anything that conflicts with the theory. 18. "Language is habit" so errors must be prevented at all costs. 19. Accuracy, in terms of formal correctness, is a primary goal. 20. Students are expected to interact with the language system, embodied in machines or controlled materials 21. The teacher is expected to specify the language that students are to use.

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