A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering by D Alkazraji

By D Alkazraji

Pipeline engineering calls for an figuring out of a variety of issues. Operators needs to consider a number of pipeline codes and criteria, calculation ways, and reference fabrics to be able to make actual and trained decisions.

A speedy advisor to Pipeline Engineering offers concise, easy-to-use, and available details on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. issues coated comprise: layout; building; trying out; operation and upkeep; and decommissioning.

Basic rules are mentioned and transparent suggestions on rules is equipped, in a fashion that may end up valuable to either engineers and students.

  • Provides concise, easy-to-use, and available details on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering
  • Topics coated contain layout, building, trying out, operation, upkeep and decommissioning
  • Basic rules are mentioned and transparent tips on laws is provided

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1 Pressure testing Many pipeline codes require that a pipeline is pressure tested. There are two main methods that pipeline operators use to test the integrity of a pipeline: . 5 times the design pressure – this provides an immediate test of integrity. A high-level pressure test – this provides a safety margin against growth of defects during operation. Current best practice is to use liquid (water from a river, lake or other source) to test the pipeline because: . It is more environmentally friendly.

In the case of ERW pipe, the process starts with a rolled sheet of steel being uncoiled and straightened, and the edges being prepared ready for bending into the shape of a pipe. The bending is done by drawing a continuous flat sheet of steel through a series of pressure rollers and heating coils, forming the tube shape. Finally, the process of electric resistance welding is carried out by passing a high-frequency electric current through sliding contacts on the pipe surface, fusing the edges together to create a neat defect-free weld.

C. voltage between the anode and cathode. External voltage is used to drive the protection current and ensures that the pipe surface is always the cathode. The two main measurements of this system are the 31 A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering ‘on’ and ‘off’ potentials, taken with reference to a copper sulphate electrode. e. polarized potential), and consequently ‘off’ potential measurements are taken. This process is known as synchronous interrupting. When this is not possible, which may be the case in older protection systems, potential measurements should be taken at the surface using ‘on’ potential measurements.

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