By G. Gutin, A.P. Punnen

This quantity, which incorporates chapters written through respected researchers, offers the cutting-edge in thought and algorithms for the touring salesman challenge (TSP). The ebook covers all vital components of research on TSP, together with polyhedral idea for symmetric and uneven TSP, department and certain, and department and lower algorithms, probabilistic facets of TSP, thorough computational research of heuristic and metaheuristic algorithms, theoretical research of approximation algorithms, together with the rising region of domination research of algorithms, dialogue of TSP software program and diversifications of TSP corresponding to bottleneck TSP, generalized TSP, prize amassing TSP, maximizing TSP, orienteering challenge, and so forth. viewers: Researchers, practitioners, and academicians in arithmetic, desktop technological know-how, and operations study. acceptable as a reference paintings or as a major or supplemental textbook in graduate and senior undergraduate classes and initiatives.

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**Extra info for The Traveling Salesman Problem and Its Variations **

**Example text**

Let c be a cost function on the edges such that all Hamiltonian cycles of G have the same cost then is a linear equations satisfied by all Hamiltonian cycles of G and is therefore a linear combination of the equations for In the case of complete graphs this yields: Corollary 6 (see also Chapter 11) The only cost functions on the edges that have the property that all Hamiltonian cycles of the complete graph have the same cost, are those obtained from any function and by setting for all Proof: Let be such that all the tours have a cost of Then is an equation satisfied by all tours, and therefore, by Theorem 2, must be a linear combination of the equations (2).

If edge is a bridge, then each closed walk which corresponds to an extreme is an equation point uses exactly twice that edge, and therefore satisfied by all such walks. Theorem 11 If G is connected with bridges, then the convex hull of the extreme points of GTSPP ( G ) is a polytope of dimension Proof: See [219]. Theorem 12 The inequality defines a facet of GTSPP(G) if and only if the edge is not a bridge. Proof: If is a bridge, then holds for every closed walk of G. If is not a bridge, then there exists a closed walk W of Consider the closed walks for every The representative vectors of these closed walks together with that of W are affinely independent.

Consider the inequality system: where ment problem, is a solution to the assignA, B, D are matrices, and 18 THE TRAVELING SALESMAN PROBLEM AND ITS VARIATIONS and are column vectors. Each is associated with an arc of G. It is possible that and are associated with the same arc for is associated with two arcs. The inequalities within but no the system (2) and (3) are called flow constraints and the inequalities within the system (4) are called coupling constraints. For any feasible solution Y* of the flow constraints, consider the subgraph induced * by the arcs of G associated with positive components of Y .