By Laurel L. Rose
Laurel Rose analyzes how conventional ruling elites in Swaziland, as in different elements of Africa, use concord ideologies to downplay and get to the bottom of land disputes. Such disputes can be utilized by overseas improvement brokers or indigenous new elites as justification for imposing land tenure alterations, together with a discount of conventional elites' strength established upon land regulate. Swazi commoners settle for the cultural worth and legitimacy of such a lot concord ideologies, yet they undertake quite a few innovations while disputing approximately specific land rights which will produce extra favorable results. This publication is uncommon in its specialise in political instead of monetary dimensions of land tenure and disputes. It searches for hyperlinks among person issues with land use rights and nationwide matters with land coverage. It additionally examines gender and management concerns linked to land, displaying how ladies and new elites threaten land pursuits of guys and conventional leaders.
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Additional info for The Politics of Harmony: Land Dispute Strategies in Swaziland (African Studies)
Legislative history of Swaziland's dual legal system: the basis of a parallel system of land law A convenient starting-point for discussion of Swaziland's dual legal system is 1894 when Swaziland became the centre of negotiation between European powers. The Convention of 1894 between Britain and the Transvaal provided that Swaziland be administered by the Transvaal, although incorporation was not to occur; and the Protocol of 1898, which was added to the Convention of 1894, provided for the trial of all serious crimes by the protecting power and forbade Swazis to pronounce sentence on a number of offences.
The remaining 23 per cent of the land is currently taken up by publicly owned modern farms, which are run by governmental bodies such as the Ministry of Agriculture, the Prisons Department and the Defence Force as well as by the government corporation, Tibiyo Taka Ngwane (Booth 1983a: 90-1). The Individual Tenure Farms are generally highly productive. Government land policy, since 1966, has focused on improving Swazi Nation Land quality and productivity through the Rural Development Area programme.
The deputy will then take the applicant and his envoy to the chief who will inform his council of the application and further present the newcomer to the community at a public meeting. The next step is for the chief to assign his own envoy to go to the present chief of the newcomer and investigate his reputation. If his reputation proves favourable, then the applicant will be accepted and will formally 'bid farewell' to his present chief. Initially the applicant may be given a temporary residential site.