Picture Interpretation: A Symbolic Approach (Series in by Sandy Dance, Terry Caelli, Zhi-Qiang Liu

By Sandy Dance, Terry Caelli, Zhi-Qiang Liu

Explores a style for symbolically intrepreting photographs dependent upon a parallel implementation of a network-of-frames advised, for instance, through Minksy (1975), to explain clever processing.

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Critically examine the results to ensure that they are physically reasonable. Do they pass the `sanity test'? 12. De®ne the purpose of the test and ensure that the proposed test is suitable for the purpose. g. low range load cell for soft soils, local strain transducers for the measurement of small strain stiffness of stiff soils, mid-plane pore pressure probe to measure pore pressure parameter B for stiff soils, etc. 13. Maintain all the equipment and instruments in perfect working order. Calibrate the instruments frequently and determine the error of all readings.

This action will put additional stress on to the clay at some other point along the potential failure surface, causing the peak to be passed at that point also. In this way a progressive failure can be initiated and, in the limit, the strength along the entire length of a slip surface will fall to the residual value. , 1971) may be used to determine the full shear-stress displacement relationship of an annular ring-shaped soil specimen subjected to a constant normal stress, con®ned laterally and ultimately caused to rupture on a horizontal plane of relative rotary motion.

The initially dense sample may undergo a very small compression at the start of shear, but then begins to dilate (Fig. 5(b)). The curve of 4vol (volumetric strain) versus  becomes steeper, indicating that the rate of dilation (or expansion) d4vol ad is increasing. The slope of the curve reaches a maximum at P, but with continued shear strain the curve becomes less steep until at C it is horizontal. When the curve is horizontal d4vol ad is zero, indicating that dilation has ceased. The peak shear stress at P in Fig.

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