Philosophy as Therapy: An Interpretation and Defense of by James F. Peterman

By James F. Peterman

This e-book provides an account and safety of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy emphasizing its healing personality. Peterman argues that any healing philosophy needs to current an account of human future health, a comparable account of the mechanisms of wellbeing and fitness and disease, and at last an account of ways philosophy can deliver anyone from a kingdom of sickness to wellbeing and fitness. In gentle of this basic version, he offers an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s healing venture that emphasizes the continuity among it and the sooner moral venture of the Tractatus. The ebook confronts the matter of continuity by means of arguing that the sooner moral aim of entering contract with the realm as such is changed within the later perspectives through the healing objective of getting into contract with kinds of existence. through the argument, Peterman demanding situations usual interpretations of Wittgenstein’s undertaking and conventional modes of criticizing and protecting it. The publication additionally contributes to modern philosophical dialogue by way of exhibiting why we should always take heavily the venture of philosophical treatment.

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Extra resources for Philosophy as Therapy: An Interpretation and Defense of Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophical Project

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In summary, in both ethics and philosophy, one is attenlpting to approximate an ideal. In the one case, it is the ideal of absolute contentment or safety; and in the other, the ideal of a clarity that brings philosophical peace. In both cases one constructs a synoptic view through assembling reminders. In doing this, one spells out the connections between what otherwise might have seenled to be disparate phenomena, thereby resolving one's ethical or philosophical puzzle. Aesthetics and practical ethical thinking also exhibit the same sort of structure.

What does this examination show about Wittgenstein's project? The project is to treat a set of inclinations and temptations to have philosophical thoughts of a certain sort. Whose temptations are discussed? I think that we must say that they are primarily Wittgenstein's own inclinations and temptations. One theme in the book, however, is that these inclinations are not private but are inclinations into which anyone can and will fall, given a certain misunderstanding. Even though the driving motive of the writing is to address Wittgenstein's own temptations, these are temptations that could be had by anyone.

But this simply means that the philosophical problems should completely disappear" (PI, 133). So the goal is the complete elimination of disquiet caused by giving in to philosophical temptations. In place of these temptations we foster a style of thinking that brings peace (CV, 93). Achieving thoughts that are at peace requires much struggle. Most of the struggle comes in showing the unwarranted assumptions and Confession and Dialogue 51 incoherent forms of thinking involved in what we are inclined to say under the tempting influence of a philosophical picture.

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