Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English by Eric Partridge

By Eric Partridge

This dictionary provides the origins of a few 20,000 goods from the trendy English vocabulary, discussing them in teams that clarify the connections among phrases derived via numerous routes from initially universal inventory. in addition to giving the solutions to questions about the derivation of person phrases, it's a attention-grabbing publication to flick through, on the grounds that each web page issues out hyperlinks with different entries. you will pursue such trails because the longer articles are written as non-stop prose basically divided up via numbered paragraphs and subheadings, and there's a cautious procedure of cross-references. as well as the most A-Z directory, there are broad lists of prefixes, suffixes, and parts utilized in the production of latest vocabulary.

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See PLENARY, para 7. accompt : an old form of ACCOUNT. accord , n and v; accordable; accordance, accordancy; accordant; according; accordion. All except the last come from OF acorder, from LL accordāre, ac- for ad, to 4- cord-, the o/s of cor (gen cordis), heart: cf CORDIAL and HEART. Thus: the n accord, ME ac (c)ord or acorde, from OF acord(e), from acorder, whence, via ME ac(c)orden, ‘to accord’, whence the pa according-, whence the advv according, accordingly; accordant, however, derives from ME acordant, adopted from the OF acordant, presp of acorder, whence also both OF acordable (cf suffix -able), whence E accordable, and OF acordance, whence E accordance, with var accordancy.

Abrogate , abrogation, abrogator. See ROGATION, para 3. abrupt , abruption, abruptness. See RUPTURE, para 3. abscess : L abscessus, a departure, a gathering (esp of bad matter), an abscess. See CEDE. Origins 10 abscissa , abscind, abscission. See the 2nd SHED, para 4. abscond . See RECONDITE, para 1. absence ; absent. See ESSE, para 5. absinthe (occ AE absinth): EF-F absinthe: reshaped from OF-EF absince: L absinthium: Gr apsinthion, wormwood, from OPer. The v absinthiate, to treat or impregnate with wormwood, comes from the LL pa absinthiātus, flavoured with wormwood.

The H Ādām usu has preceding article, ‘the adam’, which means either ‘the made (or, created) one’, the man (cf Assyrian adamu, to make or produce), or ‘one of earth’, from H adamah, earth—cf Genesis, ii, 7, ‘God formed man of the dust of the ground’. Adam’s ale: the poor fellow had only water to drink. Adam’s apple: the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge got stuck, they say, in his throat (EW). adamant , adamantine; diamond, diamantiferous, diamantine. , see TAME. The adj adamantine goes, via EF-F adamantin and L adamantinus, back to Gr adamantinos.

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