Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Applications by Tomás Roubicek

By Tomás Roubicek

This booklet basically issues quasilinear and semilinear elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations, inequalities, and platforms. The exposition quick leads common idea to research of concrete equations, that have particular functions in such parts as electrically (semi-) conductive media, modeling of organic structures, and mechanical engineering. tools of Galerkin or of Rothe are uncovered in a wide generality.

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Besides, we will confine ourselves to data with polynomial-growth; p ∈ (1, +∞) will denote the growth of the leading nonlinearity a(x, u, ·) which essentially determines the setting and the other data qualification. Also, a(x, u, ·) will be assumed to behave monotonically, cf. 65), which is related to the adjective elliptic. 91a) below implies the matrix A is positive definite, which is what is conventionally called “elliptic”, contrary to A indefinite (resp. semidefinite) which is addressed as hyperbolic (resp.

0,a) (x) = 1 for x ∈ (0, a) and χ(0,a) (x) = 0 for x ∈ [a, 1). This collection is an uncountable subset of the unit sphere in L∞ (0, 1) and χ(0,a) − χ(0,b) L∞ (0,1) = 1 for a = b, hence L∞ (0, 1) cannot be separable. 45 Cf. 55 below. g. 26]. e. is u (l,m) a characteristic function of the interval of the type [(m − 1)2−l , m2−l ] for 1 ≤ m ≤ 2l , arranged lexicographically as (l, m) = (1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 1), . .. e. , by taking m = 1 only. 47 Obviously, existence of a common integrable minorant can weaken this assumption.

This condition is referred to as a (nonlinear) Newton boundary condition or sometimes also a Robin condition. If b = 0, it is called a Neumann boundary condition. 48) on various parts of Γ. For this, let us divide (up to a zero-measure set) the boundary Γ on two disjoint open parts ΓD and ΓN such that measn−1 Γ \ (ΓD ∪ ΓN ) = 0, and then consider so-called mixed boundary conditions u|Γ = uD ν · a(x, u, ∇u) + b(x, u) = h on ΓD , on ΓN . 47), respectively. 42 Chapter 2. 47) (resp. 49)), we will speak about a Dirichlet (resp.

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