By Robert B Mcklean
Read Online or Download New Perspectives in Modern Russian History: Selected Papers from the Fourth World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate, 1990 PDF
Best modern books
This publication is the most recent addition to the excellent Analytical Chemistry sequence. The chapters are designed to provide the reader not just the certainty of the fundamentals of infrared spectroscopy but in addition to offer rules on how you can practice the method in those diversified fields. considering that spectroscopy is the learn of the interplay of electromagnetic radiation with subject, the 1st chapters care for the features, homes and absorption of electromagnetic radiation.
- Modern Educational Gymnastics
- Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue (Modern European Philosophy)
- Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Volume 58
- Modern Mass Communication: Concepts and Processes
- The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives (Routledge Studies in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy)
Additional info for New Perspectives in Modern Russian History: Selected Papers from the Fourth World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate, 1990
The personnel of the foreign ministry, in general, favoured Gorchakov's attempt to solve the international crisis through cooperation with Berlin and Vienna, and they strongly opposed Panslav and national agitation. Subsequently, after the Russian declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire, they advised moderate peace terms. When the extreme Treaty of San Stefano met with strong opposition, particularly from Britain and Austria-Hungary, the foreign ministry supported a European settlement. The basic compromise which preserved the peace was negotiated by the Russian ambassador to Britain, Peter A.
A. Miliutina, 1878-1880 (Moscow, Biblioteka SSSR imeni V. I. Lenina, 1950) vol. 3, p. 182. For the arguments of Jomini, at this time close to Gorchakov, and his support of a new policy see his letters to Giers in B. and C. Jelavich, 'Jomini and the Revival of the Dreikaiserbund, 1879-1880', Slavonic and East European Review, vol. 25, no. 85 (June 1958) pp. 523-50.
For this part of my paper, reliance has been placed on the centennial history of the foreign ministry published in St Petersburg in 1902. The objectives of foreign ministry reform were simplification and higher standards; simplification through an ending to duplication of functions, simplification through the elimination of superfluous poorly qualified personnel, and higher standards through the improvement of qualifications and salaries of the personnel who remained. Superfluous functions which were shed included the Kirghiz lands administration (1859-64), the ceremonial office (transferred to the Imperial Court Ministry in 1858), the ministry's former responsibility for censorship of political articles which might affect foreign sensibilities (1862), and much of the ministry's translation services to other branches of the imperial governmentP Early in his time in office Gorchakov was able to combine the several dispatch preparation offices under one central direction.