By Jacalyn Duffin
Jacalyn Duffin's History of Medicine has for ten years been one of many best texts used to educate clinical and nursing scholars the background in their occupation. It has additionally been well-known in heritage classes and by means of common readers. An obtainable evaluation of clinical heritage, this re-creation is tremendously extended, together with additional information on drugs within the usa, nice Britain, and in different eu nations. The publication remains to be prepared conceptually round the significant fields of clinical undertaking akin to anatomy, pharmacology, obstetrics, and psychiatry and has grown to incorporate a brand new bankruptcy on public health.
Years of pedagogic adventure, clinical advancements, and reader suggestions have resulted in new sections in the course of the ebook on subject matters together with bioethics, forensics, genetics, reproductive expertise, medical trials, and up to date outbreaks of BSE, West Nile Virus, SARS, and anthrax. brand new and choked with pithy examples and instructing instruments akin to a searchable on-line bibliography, History of Medicine keeps to illustrate the ability of ancient examine to notify present health and wellbeing care perform and improve cultural understanding.
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Extra resources for History of Medicine. A Scandalously Short Introduction
Ca. CHAPTER TWO The Fabricated Body: History of Anatomy* Anatomy is to physiology, as geography to history; it describes the theatre of events. – Jean Fernel, On the Natural Part of Medicine (1542); cited in C. Sherrington, The Endeavour of John Fernel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946), 64 Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Today it seems integral to the study of medicine, but structural explanations of disease were long considered secondary to those of function (physiology).
These public demonstrations were designed to horrify as much as instruct. That the practice was reserved for criminals indicates the social ambivalence regarding dissection, which could be seen as a desecration. 1 Weighing the heart. c. British Museum, London 14 History of Medicine lymph lacteals, the meninges, and vascular structures such as the torcular herophili (named after Herophilus). Like the early illustrations, none of their writings has survived. Our evidence for their work is based on other writers, including Galen, who lived some four hundred years later.
Egyptian graphic art may have been stylized, but the statuary reveals a sensitive appreciation of surface and underlying structures. Unlike the embalmers and artists, however, the physicians do not appear to have used anatomy. Our knowledge of ancient Egyptian medicine is based on a few surgical papyri (see chapter 10). Egyptian explanations of disease seem to have emphasized physiology, in which breath was the essence of 12 History of Medicine life. Blood vessels were hypothesized rather than known, and only a few organs were connected with speciﬁc functions.