By Saulius A. Suziedelis
The Lithuanian humans have gone through ancient adjustments rather diverse from these of alternative eu international locations. In prior centuries geography supplied strategic virtue and possibilities for enlargement yet in recent years the rustic has extra usually skilled situation as a geopolitical curse. After always wasting territory and shrinking in measurement, the rustic disappeared in 1795. besides the fact that, after global battle I a well-liked nationwide flow ended in the recovery of Lithuania as an autonomous nation. international warfare II and its bloody aftermath introduced international career in addition to genocide, mass homicide, and destruction unprecedented within the country's glossy historical past. The recovery of independence in 1990 has essentially altered Lithuania's geopolitical truth. Integration into the ecu Union and the North Atlantic Treaty association promise a brand new point of safeguard for the Lithuanian kingdom within the twenty first century at the same time the social and financial ameliorations current either promising possibilities and tough challenges.
The moment version of the Historical Dictionary of Lithuania will function an invaluable creation to almost all features of Lithuania's historic event, together with the country's family members with its acquaintances. this is often performed via a chronology, an introductory essay, an in depth bibliography, and over three hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major people, areas, and occasions; associations and organisations; and political, monetary, social, cultural, and spiritual points.
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Extra info for Historical Dictionary of Lithuania (Historical Dictionaries of Europe)
17 June: The Seimas bans the public display of Soviet and Nazi symbols. October: Homeland Union conservatives win both rounds of parliamentary elections and negotiate a coalition with the new National Resurrection Party. 26 November: Kubilius heads a center-right coalition government. 2009 January: Lithuania rings in the New Year as the European Capital of Culture and begins celebration of the 1,000th anniversary of the first publication of the country’s name in a historical record. April: Government statistics indicate that Lithuania’s gross domestic product declined by more than 12 percent in the first quarter.
Indb xxxi 1/20/11 11:24 AM xxxii • CHRONOLOGY basketball team wins the bronze medal at the Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta. 20 October: Landsbergis’s Conservatives win elections to the Seimas. Gediminas Vagnorius is again appointed prime minister. 1997 23–25 October: Russian president Boris Yeltsin and Brazauskas sign treaties on Russian-Lithuanian borders and the Baltic Sea continental shelf. 1998 4 January: Valdas Adamkus is elected president. 1999 13 May: Vagnorius leaves the government in the face of scandals.
The foremost of the Samogitian literati were Dionizas Poška (1757–1830), who dreamed of introducing the Lithuanian language into public life, and Simonas Stanevičius (1799–1848), whose work displayed a national consciousness separate from that of the Poles. In 1845, historian Simonas Daukantas (1793–1864) published the first historical work in the Lithuanian language. During the mid-19th century, Motiejus Valančius (1801–1875), the Bishop of Samogitia between 1850 and 1875, laid the foundations of the modern Lithuanian national movement.