Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value: The New Regulations and by Michael Rubenstein

By Michael Rubenstein

A examine of British ways to handle discrimination matters within the place of work.

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Additional resources for Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value: The New Regulations and their Implications

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The dif- 26 Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value ferent causes cannot be disentangled. What is frequently depicted as 'voluntary choice' in reality is circumscribed by the structure of jobs, by the lack of child-care provision and by the division of labour in the family. Discrimination by employers can result in self-confirming behaviour thereby influencing what appears to be self-selection by the women concerned. What is clear is that differences in occupation between men and women in general, and women's over-representation in secondary sector jobs in particular, account for a substantial part of the earnings gap between the sexes.

Clerks were mainly desegregated (81 per cent both sexes, 1 per cent men only, 18 per cent women only). Lower level jobs in the personal service area were female only. For example, counter hands (13 per cent both sexes, 87 per cent women only). Ibid, p. 18. Department of Employment Gazette, November 1980, p. 1144. Sloane (The Earnings Gap Between Men and Women in Britain, Social Science Research Council, 1981, p. 10) cites several British research findings that the higher proportion of women in an industry, the lower the wage for both men and women.

The Causes of Poverty, Background Paper No. 5, Royal Commission on the Distribution of Income and Wealth, HMSO, 1978, p. 40. 4. M. Corcoran and G. J. Duncan, 'Work history, labor force attachment, and earnings differences be ween the races and sexes', Journal of Human Resources, vol. 14, Winter 1979, pp. 3-20. 5. The differential varies inversely with educational level. 6. 6. 7. Michael Evan Gold (A Dialogue on Comparable Worth, ILR Press, 1983, p. 6) puts forward the argument with respect to the US that: 'the labor market has been flooded with young women, who have simply Why Women Are Paid Less Than Men 8.

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