By Colin Cheyne, John Worrall
Alan Musgrave has constantly defended positions that he regards as commonsensical – severe realism and demanding rationalism. In defence of critcal realism he argues for the target lifestyles of the exterior global in place of idealism, in addition to arguing for medical realism opposed to all anti-realist money owed of technological know-how. His severe rationalism is drawn from the paintings of Karl Popper and stands against inductivist and irrationalist methodologies. In defence of those positions, Musgrave’s writings have lined quite a lot of themes in epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of technological know-how, philosophy of arithmetic, background of technology, theories of fact, and fiscal idea. during this quantity a gaggle of internationally-renowned authors speak about issues which are appropriate in a single approach or one other to Musgrave’s paintings. this isn't meant as a typical celebratory festschrift yet particularly as a brand new exam of issues of present curiosity in philosophy. The contributory essays are via responses from Alan Musgrave himself.
By Samir Okasha
Does average choice act totally on person organisms, on teams, on genes, or on complete species? The query of degrees of choice - on which biologists and philosophers have lengthy disagreed - is critical to evolutionary thought and to the philosophy of biology. Samir Okasha's accomplished research supplies a transparent account of the philosophical concerns at stake within the present debate.